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Insect Ecology & Integrated Pest Management PDF Book

Book Detail:cover of Insect Ecology & Integrated Pest Management

Language: English

Pages: 133

Author: TNAU

Price: Free

 

 

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How to Download PDF Books (Full Guide)

COURSE OUTLINE: INSECT ECOLOGY & INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT INCLUDING BENEFICIAL INSECTS (ENTO 232)

 

  • Principles of applied entomology – economic classification of insects.
  • Bee species – comparison – castes of bees – bee behaviour and bee dance.
  • Apiary management practices – bee pasturage – foraging – seasonal variations.
  • Role of bees in cross pollination – their exploitation – case studies with selected crops.
  • Bee products – their properties and uses.
  • Effect of agricultural inputs on bee activity – pesticide poisoning.
  • Role of pollinators, weed killers and other beneficial insects.
  • Management of household pests, vectors of human diseases and pests of cattle and poultry.
  • Insect ecology – definition – balance of life in nature – reproductive potential and environmental resistance.
  • Population dynamics – role of biotic factors – competition – parasitoids and predatots.
  • Life table – Interspecific and intraspecific relationship.
  • Abiotic factors – physical, nutritional and host plant associated factors on insect population. Bioresources in ecosystems.
  • Pests – definition, categories and causes for outbreak of pests. Losses caused by pests.
  • Pest monitoring – pest surveillance and forecasting – objectives, survey, sampling techniques and decision making. Economic Threshold Level and Economic Injury Level.
  • Factors influencing Economic Injury Level and Economic Threshold Level.
  • Pest Management – definition – need – objectives, requirements for successful pest management programme. Components of pest management.
  • Cultural methods – definition – characteristics, requisites – farm level practices and community level practices, advantages and disadvantages.
  • Physical methods – definition – use of heat, moisture, light, lectromagnetic energy and sound energy – Mechanical methods – definition – mechanical destruction and exclusion – merits and demerits.
  • Mid semester examination.
  • Legal methods – definition – pest introductions – quarantine – phytosanitary certificate – pest legislation.
  • Host plant resistance – definition – types and mechanisms, ecological and genetic resistance.
  • Host-plant resistance in pest management – compatibility with other pest management practices – merits and demerits.
  • Biological control – definition – history and development – classical examples – factors governing biological control.
  • Predators and parasitoids of agricultural importance – role in pest management.
  • Chemical control – definition – history of insecticide development – toxicity parameters – ideal qualities of an insecticide.
  • Classification of insecticides based on mode of entry, mode of action and chemical nature.
  • Insecticides Act 1968 – insecticide residues and waiting periods. Role of pesticides in pest management.
  • Semiochemicals – definition – intraspecific semiochemicals – allomone, kairomone, synomone and apneumone.
  • Interspecific semiochemicals – pheromone, sex pheromone, alarm and trail marking pheromone. Pheromones in Integrated Pest Management.
  • Sterility methods – definition – principles – methods – requirements and limitaitons.
  • Insect growth regulators – moult inhibitors – Juvenile Hormone mimics – mode of action and uses. Insect anti feed ants and repellents – mode of action, groups and uses.
  • Pesticide application technology – principles and methods.
  • Pesticide compatibility, safety and hazards – antidotes – safe handling – impact of pesticides on agro ecosystems. Impact of global warming on pests.
  • Integrated Pest Management – history, principles and strategies – relationship between different components and economics.
  • Integrated Pest Management: Issues and options. Eco friendly Integrated Pest Management – Indigenous/traditional technologies in Integrated Pest Management.
  • Specific Integrated Pest Management practices for rice and cotton. Biotechnology in pest management.

 

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