LPM 201 – LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
- Prelusion-Significance of livestock and poultry in Indian economy-Livestock and Poultry census – role of livestock and poultry in Indian agriculture.
- Various systems of livestock production-extensive – semi intensive- intensive mixed.
- Integrated Farming systems- Role of Livestock and Poultry, manure management methods, Duck/Fish/Rice Culture.
- Definition of breed-classification of indigenous, exotic cattle and buffaloes – Breed characteristics of Sindhi, Kangayam and Umblacherry, Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Murrah and Surti.
- Breeding- importance of cross breeding. Signs of estrous cycle-Artificial insemination merits and demerits.
- Housing management-farm site selection-space requirement for calves, heifer, milch animal and work bullocks-Type design of house.
- Systems of housing-Single row system-Double row system- head to head and tail to tail-merits and demerits.
- Care and management of new born calf and heifers.
- Care and management of pregnant, lactating animals and work bullocks.
- Milk-Definition – clean milk production-methods of milking – hand and machine milking. Preservatives and common adulterants of milk.
- Processing of milk-Cooling-Pasteurization-Definition-Various methods-Low Temperature Long Time, High Temperature Short Time and Ultra High Temperature-advantages and disadvantages.
- Nutrition-Definition-Ration-Balanced ration-Desirable characteristics of a ration.
- Requirement and importance of green fodder, carrying capacity and forage cycle.
- Diseases-classification-viral, bacterial and metabolic-General control and preventive measures.
- Viral diseases- Foot and Mouth- Bacterial diseaseanthrax, haemorrhagic septicemia and Black quarter- Metabolic- Tympanites, Ketosis and Milk fever. Mastitis and its control, Foot and Mouth Disease.
- Zoonotic diseases – prevention and control (Anthrax, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, and Rabies)
- Sheep and Goat Farming –Classification of Breeds of Indian and exotic origin-nomenclature alone.
- Systems of rearing-Housing management- Type design- Floor diagram-Space Requirement for adult and young stock.
- Care and management of ram, ewe and lamb- Nutrition Feeds and fodder for small Ruminants.
- Care and Management of Buck, DOE and kid- Nutrition Flushing.
- Common ailments of sheep and goat-Sheep pox-Foot and Mouth-Blue tongue- Enterotoxaemia – Ecto and Endo parasites.
- Swine Husbandry –Common breeds of exotic origin-nomenclature alone housing of pigs.
- Care and management of Sow, Boar and Piglets-Nutrition- Creep feeding. Control and prevention of swine diseases –Hog cholera, Foot and mouth, Ecto and Endoparasites.
- Classification of poultry viz. layer, broiler and dual purpose- Nomenclature of commercial layer and broiler strains.
- Care and management of day old chicks-Brooder management.
- Systems of housing- Deep litter and cage systems – merits and demerits.
- Raised Platform housing- Floor space Requirement- Litter Management.
- Care and management of layers.
- Care and management of broilers.
- Poultry Nutrition-Feed formulation-composition of chick mash grower, layer, broiler starter and finisher mashes.
- Feed Conversion Ratio / dozen eggs or kilogram of meat. Marketing channels in poultry-Integration.
- Classification of Poultry diseases-Viral-Bacterial-Protozoan- causative organisms, symptoms and prevention – Viral diseases – Ranikhet disease – Infectious bursal disease.
- Bacterial diseases-E.coli-Coryza-Salmonellosis-Protozoan–Coccidiosis casuative organism – symptoms and preventive measures. Nutritional deficiency diseases and its control.
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